Understanding the Internet of Things (IoT)

We all are witnessing the massive impact of Technology on our daily life. Actually, in most of the cases we don’t mind the changes since technological advances makes our daily routine more convenient, efficient, and comfortable.

We got used to the Internet, smart home appliances, and we are getting ready for smart cars and smart houses. Currently, there is another trend that everyone is talking about – the Internet of Thing or the IoT and it is just around the corner. Technology professionals promise major transformations in our lives, businesses, and the global economy. The IoT is so huge that it is hard to give a comprehensive definition.

What is the IoT?

The idea of the IoT is that not only our computers and smartphone can communicate to each other, but also all other things around us.

The Internet of Things will involve a massive connectivity and communication between different types of devices and sensors embedded in public and private locations. These devices and sensors will recognize us and adapt the environment to our requirements for education, comfort, operational efficiency, and health.

The Internet of Things consists of three technological components:

  • Hardware (devices, equipment, computers, chips, and sensors),
  • Communication (networking solutions),
  • Software (applications, data stores, and business analytics).

In summary, the IoT will enable all things to connect and communicate with each other – interconnectivity and communication.

Currently, we are in the early days of the IoT, and to us, the Internet of Things appears through smart home applications, wearables and an industrial solutions. When the connected world becomes reality, the Internet of Things will reach and transform all major segments – from homes to shops and from cars to governments.

Examples of IoT applications

Smart City

Smart City involves a lot of features: security, environmental control, traffic management, waste management. Smart City solution will be able to solve noise and pollution problems, traffic jams, orders, and deliveries.

Smart Cars

Smart Cars solutions will enable the connectivity with other cars, traffic control, selection of the optimal route. There are two more concepts under development: in-car entertainment and remote monitoring.

Smart Home

Smart Home solutions provide the connectivity inside our homes. These solutions monitor light bulbs, windows, door locks, appliances thermostats, smoke detectors, entertainment systems, and much more.

Smart grids

Smart grids accumulate, analyze and process information about the behaviors of the resource suppliers and consumers in an automated fashion. It will help to improve the efficiency, reliability, and economics of the resources used by consumers. Now, these solutions are adopted to electricity supplies and its customers.

Digital Health/Connected Health

Smart medical devices and connected healthcare systems hold enormous benefits for the well-being of people: real-time health monitoring; improved medical decision-making, sharing medical expertise across the world, and the research.

Smart farming

IoT solutions are already implemented in some farming communities: remote monitoring of livestock, fields, soil status, and crop status. It will help to optimize farming operations in terms of workforce and use of equipment.

Industrial Internet

This area of the IoT applications hold enormous potential and will change entire manufacturing industry starting with manufacturing processes and quality control. Robotization and connected industrial equipment will be controlled by IoT applications.

Expand your knowledge about the IoT

If you are interested in the IoT, please have a look at the following eBook offered by Pearson Education.

The Internet of Things

How Smart TVs, Smart Cars, Smart Homes, and Smart Cities Are Changing the World

Author: Michael Miller

It is a comprehensive introduction to the IoT for everyone. The author shows how connected smart devices will help people perform better and smarter. The risk aspect is also discussed: privacy, freedom, and life.

Pearson Education is also offering streaming video – 15 hours video course which provides the detailed introduction into the Internet of Things.

Internet of Things (IoT) Fundamentals LiveLessons

Streaming video

Developing practical IoT skills

After having an idea about the impact of the IoT on different areas of our life, it is logical step to get a better idea about the IoT and gain some skills how to use IoT solutions for your personal benefits.

I’d like to offer information about online courses which can be useful for developing practical skills.

Coursera is Offering online specialization: An Introduction to Programming the Internet of Things (IOT) Specialization developed by UCI.
Coursera - Hundreds of Specializations and courses in business, computer science, data science, and more

This Specialization covers the following topics:

  • embedded systems,
  • the Raspberry Pi Platform, and
  • the Arduino environment.

The specialization consists of 6 courses.
Master Internet of Things from UCI. Enroll today!

Course 1. Introduction to the Internet of Things and Embedded Systems

This course explores how the explosive growth of the Internet of Things is changing our world and how it is allowing people to innovate new designs and products at home. In the beginning of the course, students learn the importance of the IoT in society, the components of typical IoT devices and trends for the future

Course 2. The Arduino Platform and C Programming

In this course, students explore the Arduino hardware/software platform which is used for building digital devices and interactive objects that can sense and control the physical world around them. Students learn how the Arduino platform works in terms of the physical board and libraries and the IDE (integrated development environment).

Course 3. Interfacing with the Arduino

In this course, students explore how and when to use the different types of sensors and how to connect them to the Arduino. Student also learn how analog and digital signals are converted back-and-forth. The course contains topics about the use of Arduino-specific shields and the shields software libraries to support the interface with the real world.

Course 4. The Raspberry Pi Platform and Python Programming for the Raspberry Pi

Students explore the Raspberry Pi platform used to design and develop different IoT devices while learning programming and computer hardware. In addition, students learn how to set up the Raspberry Pi environment, including a Linux operating system. Students develop some basic Python code on the Raspberry Pi.

Course 5. Interfacing with the Raspberry Pi

This course covers the basic design of a sensor-actuator system. Students learn how to build more sophisticated hardware systems using Raspberry Pi expansion boards.

Course 6. Programming for the Internet of Things. Project

In this course, students design a microcontroller-based embedded system. They can also build and test a system. The focus of the project is to design the system so that it can be built on a low-cost budget for a real-world application.

Additional Information about the courses:

  • Duration of each course – 4 weeks
  • Course material:
    • Online reading material;
    • Practical exercises;
    • Quizzes;
    • Online discussion forums (for some courses only)
    • Online lectures;
    • Videos.
  • Certificates are issued on completion of each online course

Please note! You don’t need to take all 6 courses; you can enroll in the courses which you are interested in.

Master Internet of Things from UCI. Enroll today!


The IoT is stepping into our lives and our businesses, it brings new lifestyle and radically new business models. We must be prepared to meet future changes and make them work for our benefit and comfort.
We have to learn how to live with technology around us and how to overcome future challenges.

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2 thoughts on “Understanding the Internet of Things (IoT)”

  1. This post clearly present the inevitable trending change in life resulting from applying the constant discovery of newer an newer technology. The main force behind this change is the drive for higher productivity and return of investment, which has increasingly affected all aspects of our life at personal and social levels.

    To keep up the ability to survive and grow, a constant need of timely self-learning has become the must to do of every viable individuals. Thereby, we can live on and be happy. Apparently, this trending flow of life is unstoppable – either you like it or not.

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    1. Thank you very much for the inspirational comments. I truly believe that future education and training on every level will be greatly affected by technologies of IoT. The issue is how quickly we can recognize it, and what actions will be taken. Actually, it is not about technology only, it is about changing the entire educational system, starting from the teaching and learning methodologies. We can’t continue working the same way as we did 20-30 years ago.
      I am worried that the reforms undertaken by many countries will touch just a surface of the iceberg… and it will affect the development of new approaches starting from the curriculum design, content up to the assessment strategies.

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